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ACTIVE PRINCIPLES OF CANNABIS

In the trichomes of cannabis flowers there is a resin that contains valuable substances such as cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.

Cannabinoids are natural molecules that interact with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, so the research on therapeutic cannabis was born.
Until today, more than 60 types have been identified, the most known and the most studied are:
THC terahydrocannabinol,
– THCa tetrahydrocannabinolic acid
CBD cannabidiol,
– CBDa cannabidiolic acid
– CBN cannabinol,
– cannabicyromen CBC,
– Tetrohydrocannabivarin THCV

Terpenes are volatile organic compounds that give the characteristic smell of cannabis flowers. In nature there are about 120 and each of these has different therapeutic properties, such as limonene, myrcene, pinene, borneol, eucalyptol, etc.

Flavonoids are phytochemical compounds that give color to flowers and leaves. They have beneficial properties and some of those present in cannabis are apigenin, flavin cane, quercetin and kaempferol.
Flavonoids such as terpenes and CBD modulate the effects of THC.

LIFE CYCLE OF THE PLANT

The hemp is an annual herbaceous plant and its life cycle can be divided into 3 phases of development.

GERMINATION AND RADICATION
At the beginning the germination of the seed takes place, that is when the environment of the temperature of culture is superior to 22 degrees Celsius and the humidity reaches all 80%. This activates the life cycle of the plants, the most delicate, in which the skin develops and the seed comes to life. Here you pay close attention to the climatic conditions, growing substrate, light and aeration. In this first phase of the newborn seedling, it feeds on its early embryonic leaves, the cotyledons, which will allow the development of the first roots and the first leaves, in the hope that the plant is able to independently absorb nutrients from the soil. through photosynthesis.
At this stage it is very important to stimulate rooting, prevent fertilization, pay attention to the water retention of the substrate and avoid high heat by not drastically dehydrating the seedling.

THE VEGETATIVE PHASE
Once the first two leaves emerge from the plant, the stem is strengthened and the roots continue to expand, nutrients can feed on the soil. At the beginning, it is important to continue stimulating the rooting with special nutrients and fertilize with a NPK product rich in nitrogen. In this stage, the plant must remain in a state of growth and must receive 18 hours of light during the day and 6 hours of darkness. Under these conditions, the plants will continue to increase their size without fruiting. More powerful is the emission of light, more intense the growth will be. Obviously, the correct exchange of air should not be neglected, with abundant doses of carbon dioxide during daylight hours, the temperature should be between 18 and 30 degrees Celsius and relative humidity greater than 50%.

THE FLOWERING PHASE
The last stage is the flowering, it begins with the decrease of the lighting time during the day, reaching the correct proportion of 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. At this time of development, the plant after having an elevation in heigh,t will focus on the production of flowers and therefore need fertilizers rich in phosphorus and especially potassium in the last stage of maturation. Pay attention to maintain a humidity not higher than 55% and allow a good ventilation to avoid mold problems inside the large peaks and prevent the appearance of fungi or other diseases in the plant. When our flowers are large, if the female plants do not come into contact with the pollen of the male plants, they will begin to be covered with resin and in the correct degree of maturation the harvest will take place.

SEED CONSERVATION

The seeds are living organisms that for a good conservation it is necessary to respect certain conditions in order to not damage them and ensure a good vitality and a high rate of germination. After checking that the seeds are healthy and dry, place them in an airtight container and protected from light sources. Store the seeds in a cool, dark place, away from sudden environmental changes. Keep temperatures below 18 degrees and humidity below 40%.For prolonged storage, the seeds can be stored in an appropriate refrigerator at temperatures of 5-8 degrees Celsius and 20-30% humidity. Avoid manipulating seeds frequently to keep away sudden changes in temperature and condensation.

INDICA AND SATIVA STRAIN

There are many factors that characterize a variety of cannabis.
The indica and sativa varieties are two major categories, with substantial differences in the morphology of the plant, in the forms of the leaves, in the consistency of the flowers and in the psychoactive effects of their active ingredients.
The plants belonging to these two categories have the capacity to adapt to very different environmental conditions and the crossing of these two types leads to obtain varieties of hybrid strains, with unique qualities for each different type. This evolution and research on the new genetics, always brings more and more knowledge about cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, especially useful in the therapeutic field.

Cannabis Indica has origins in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, Tibet and Nepal.
The plants are low, compact and robust, with dense and heavy flowers, grouped around the knots of the trunks and branches. The leaves are large in the form of squatting.
Suitable for indoor growing, Indica varieties have a short flowering period, between 50 and 60 days.
The combination of cannabinoids THC-CBD causes a “stone” effect, body, relaxing both physically and mentally.

Cannabis Sativa originates in Thailand, South India, Jamaica, Mexico and Brazil.The plants can reach the height of 5 meters, are slender with thin leaves, have distant large internodes, soft flowers that develop along the branch.Sativa varieties are normally grown outdoors and need 60 to 90 days to complete the flowering. The particular “high” effect of sative is cerebral, energetic, creative, euphoric and generally does not cause drowsiness.

The crosses between the indica and sativa varieties produce hybrid plants, each of them has characteristics of both genetics. When you get the fruits of hybrid cannabis you get so many combinations of active ingredients, effects and aromas.